vekja 1 (short stem) “wake”

“stir, rouse; broach, bring up; cause to flow”

transitive/impersonal transitive (acc)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek vek 1pl vér vekjum 1sg ek vekja 1pl vér vekim
2sg þú vekr 2pl þér vekið 2sg þú vekir 2pl þér vekið
3sg hon vekr 3pl þau vekja 3sg hon veki 3pl þau veki
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek vakða 1pl vér vǫkðum 1sg ek vekða 1pl vér vekðim
2sg þú vakðir 2pl þér vǫkðuð 2sg þú vekðir 2pl þér vekðið
3sg hon vakði 3pl þau vǫkðu 3sg hon vekði 3pl þau vekði
preterite infinitive vǫkðu
past participle f. vǫk(i)ð m. vak(i)ðr n. vak(i)t
imperative 2sg vek 1pl vekjum 2pl vekið
middle voice: vekjask “wake up, rouse oneself”
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek vekjumk 1pl vér vekjumk 1sg ek vekjumk 1pl vér vekimk
2sg þú veksk 2pl þér vekizk 2sg þú vekisk 2pl þér vekizk
3sg hon veksk 3pl þau vekjask 3sg hon vekisk 3pl þau vekisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek vǫkðumk 1pl vér vǫkðumk 1sg ek vekðumk 1pl vér vekðimk
2sg þú vakðisk 2pl þér vǫkðuzk 2sg þú vekðisk 2pl þér vekðizk
3sg hon vakðisk 3pl þau vǫkðusk 3sg hon vekðisk 3pl þau vekðisk
past participle n. vak(i)zk
imperative 2sg veksk 1pl vekjumk 2pl vekizk

PG *wakjaną, OE weccan, ME wecchen, MnE wake, Dutch wekken, German wecken. Causative of a lost verb PG *wakaną, ON *vaka VI attested as the participle vakinn, OE wacan VI “wake, originate,” ME wāken “wake; wake up; arise;” cf. vaka 3, vakna 2. In English, the three senses of the root (causative, intransitive, and inchoative “wake up”) had coalesced by the ME period. The preterite system coincides with that of vaka 3. Inflected variants include preterite vekti and the strong participle vakinn. Vekja carries the transitive sense of wake, i.e. “wake somebody”; cf. stative vaka 3 “be awake” and inchoative vakna 2 “pass from sleep into waking.”

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© P. S. Langeslag 2011, 2021