syngja III “sing”

“play, produce sound”

transitive (acc)/intransitive/impersonal intransitive

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek syng 1pl vér syngjum 1sg ek syngja 1pl vér syngim
2sg þú syngr 2pl þér syngið 2sg þú syngir 2pl þér syngið
3sg hon syngr 3pl þau syngja 3sg hon syngi 3pl þau syngi
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek sǫng 1pl vér sungum 1sg ek syngja 1pl vér syngim
2sg þú sǫngt 2pl þér sunguð 2sg þú syngir 2pl þér syngið
3sg hon sǫng 3pl þau sungu 3sg hon syngi 3pl þau syngi
preterite infinitive sungu
past participle f. sungin m. sunginn n. sungit
imperative 2sg syng 1pl syngjum 2pl syngið
middle voice: syngjask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek syngjumk 1pl vér syngjumk 1sg ek syngjumk 1pl vér syngimk
2sg þú syngsk 2pl þér syngizk 2sg þú syngisk 2pl þér syngizk
3sg hon syngsk 3pl þau syngjask 3sg hon syngisk 3pl þau syngisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek sungumk 1pl vér sungumk 1sg ek syngjumk 1pl vér syngimk
2sg þú sǫngzk 2pl þér sunguzk 2sg þú syngisk 2pl þér syngizk
3sg hon sǫngsk 3pl þau sungusk 3sg hon syngisk 3pl þau syngisk
past participle n. sungizk
imperative 2sg syngsk 1pl syngjumk 2pl syngizk

PG *singwaną, OE singan III, ME singen, MnE sing, Dutch zingen, German singen. Older lexical forms syngva, sǫngva; inflected variants include preterite singular saung, plural syngum, sǫngum, past participle synginn, sǫnginn.

j/v-augments

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2019