spýja II “spit”

“vomit”

intransitive/transitive (dat)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek spý 1pl vér spúum 1sg ek spúa 1pl vér spúim
2sg þú spýr 2pl þér spýið 2sg þú spúir 2pl þér spúið
3sg hon spýr 3pl þau spýja 3sg hon spúi 3pl þau spúi
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spjó 1pl vér spjóm 1sg ek spýja 1pl vér spýim
2sg þú spjótt 2pl þér spjóð 2sg þú spýir 2pl þér spýið
3sg hon spjó 3pl þau spjó 3sg hon spýi 3pl þau spýi
preterite infinitive spjó
past participle f. spúin m. spúinn n. spúit
imperative 2sg spý 1pl spúum 2pl spýið
middle voice: spýsk
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek spúumk 1pl vér spúumk 1sg ek spúumk 1pl vér spúimk
2sg þú spýizk 2pl þér spýizk 2sg þú spúisk 2pl þér spúizk
3sg hon spýsk 3pl þau spýsk 3sg hon spúisk 3pl þau spúisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spjómk 1pl vér spjómk 1sg ek spýjumk 1pl vér spýimk
2sg þú spjózk 2pl þér spjózk 2sg þú spýisk 2pl þér spýizk
3sg hon spjósk 3pl þau spjósk 3sg hon spýisk 3pl þau spýisk
past participle n. spúizk
imperative 2sg spýsk 1pl spúumk 2pl spýizk

PG *spīwaną, OE spīwan I, weak spēowan 1, ME speuen, MnE spew, Dutch spuwen, spugen, German speien, spucken, Latin spuere. Lexical variants include spýa, spía. The verb later turned class 1 weak.

consonant lengthening

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© P. S. Langeslag 2011, 2020