spretta III “jump”

“spring; slip; sprout, grow; burst”

intransitive

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek sprett 1pl vér sprettum 1sg ek spretta 1pl vér sprettim
2sg þú sprettr 2pl þér sprettið 2sg þú sprettir 2pl þér sprettið
3sg hon sprettr 3pl þau spretta 3sg hon spretti 3pl þau spretti
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spratt 1pl vér spruttum 1sg ek sprytta 1pl vér spryttim
2sg þú sprazt 2pl þér spruttuð 2sg þú spryttir 2pl þér spryttið
3sg hon spratt 3pl þau spruttu 3sg hon sprytti 3pl þau sprytti
preterite infinitive spruttu
past participle f. sprottin m. sprottinn n. sprottit
imperative 2sg sprett 1pl sprettum 2pl sprettið
middle voice: sprettask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek sprettumk 1pl vér sprettumk 1sg ek sprettumk 1pl vér sprettimk
2sg þú sprezk 2pl þér sprettizk 2sg þú sprettisk 2pl þér sprettizk
3sg hon sprezk 3pl þau sprettask 3sg hon sprettisk 3pl þau sprettisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spruttumk 1pl vér spruttumk 1sg ek spryttumk 1pl vér spryttimk
2sg þú sprazk 2pl þér spruttuzk 2sg þú spryttisk 2pl þér spryttizk
3sg hon sprazk 3pl þau spruttusk 3sg hon spryttisk 3pl þau spryttisk
past participle n. sprottizk
imperative 2sg sprezk 1pl sprettumk 2pl sprettizk

PG *sprintaną, OE gesprintan III, with which the ON form merged to become weak ME sprenten, MnE sprint. Also found as class 1 weak (spretti, sprettr) with a causative sense.

regressive assimilation  ·  cluster reduction

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2019