sprengja 1 (long stem) “cause to burst”

“drive to fatigue”

transitive (acc)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek sprengi 1pl vér sprengjum 1sg ek sprengja 1pl vér sprengim
2sg þú sprengir 2pl þér sprengið 2sg þú sprengir 2pl þér sprengið
3sg hon sprengir 3pl þau sprengja 3sg hon sprengi 3pl þau sprengi
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek sprengða 1pl vér sprengðum 1sg ek sprengða 1pl vér sprengðim
2sg þú sprengðir 2pl þér sprengðuð 2sg þú sprengðir 2pl þér sprengðið
3sg hon sprengði 3pl þau sprengðu 3sg hon sprengði 3pl þau sprengði
preterite infinitive sprengðu
past participle f. sprengð m. sprengðr n. sprengt
imperative 2sg spreng 1pl sprengjum 2pl sprengið
middle voice: sprengjask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek sprengjumk 1pl vér sprengjumk 1sg ek sprengjumk 1pl vér sprengimk
2sg þú sprengisk 2pl þér sprengizk 2sg þú sprengisk 2pl þér sprengizk
3sg hon sprengisk 3pl þau sprengjask 3sg hon sprengisk 3pl þau sprengisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek sprengðumk 1pl vér sprengðumk 1sg ek sprengðumk 1pl vér sprengðimk
2sg þú sprengðisk 2pl þér sprengðuzk 2sg þú sprengðisk 2pl þér sprengðizk
3sg hon sprengðisk 3pl þau sprengðusk 3sg hon sprengðisk 3pl þau sprengðisk
past participle n. sprengzk
imperative 2sg sprengsk 1pl sprengjumk 2pl sprengizk

PG *sprangijaną, OE sprengan 1, German and archaic Dutch sprengen “cause to spring,” Dutch sprenkelen “scatter, sprinkle,” which gave rise to MnE sprinkle. Causative of springa III “jump, spring.” Preterite variant sprengdi.

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© P. S. Langeslag 2011, 2021