sperna 1 (long stem) “kick”

“tread, trample”

intransitive/transitive (acc)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek sperni 1pl vér spernum 1sg ek sperna 1pl vér spernim
2sg þú spernir 2pl þér spernið 2sg þú spernir 2pl þér spernið
3sg hon spernir 3pl þau sperna 3sg hon sperni 3pl þau sperni
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spernda 1pl vér sperndum 1sg ek spernda 1pl vér sperndim
2sg þú sperndir 2pl þér spernduð 2sg þú sperndir 2pl þér sperndið
3sg hon sperndi 3pl þau sperndu 3sg hon sperndi 3pl þau sperndi
preterite infinitive sperndu
past participle f. spernd m. sperndr n. spernd
imperative 2sg spern 1pl spernum 2pl spernið
middle voice: spernask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek spernumk 1pl vér spernumk 1sg ek spernumk 1pl vér spernimk
2sg þú spernisk 2pl þér spernizk 2sg þú spernisk 2pl þér spernizk
3sg hon spernisk 3pl þau spernask 3sg hon spernisk 3pl þau spernisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek sperndumk 1pl vér sperndumk 1sg ek sperndumk 1pl vér sperndimk
2sg þú sperndisk 2pl þér spernduzk 2sg þú sperndisk 2pl þér sperndizk
3sg hon sperndisk 3pl þau sperndusk 3sg hon sperndisk 3pl þau sperndisk
past participle n. spernzk
imperative 2sg spernsk 1pl spernumk 2pl spernizk

PG *spurnaną, OE spornan III, ME spurnen, MnE spurn, Dutch aansporen “spur on,” German spornen “spur,” Latin spernere “spurn, reject.” Lexical variants sporna, spenna. The present subjunctive, plural indicative, and imperative forms of the latter variant coincides with those of spenna 1. Sporadically found as class III strong (sparn, spurnum, sporninn). The present subjunctive, imperative, and plural indicative systems of the strong and weak verbs coincide.

fortition

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2019