spenna 1 (long stem) “clasp”

“fasten (around); seize, capture; obtain; hold prisoner; draw (a bough); spend, use up”

transitive (dat/acc)/intransitive

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek spenni 1pl vér spennum 1sg ek spenna 1pl vér spennim
2sg þú spennir 2pl þér spennið 2sg þú spennir 2pl þér spennið
3sg hon spennir 3pl þau spenna 3sg hon spenni 3pl þau spenni
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spennta 1pl vér spenntum 1sg ek spennta 1pl vér spenntim
2sg þú spenntir 2pl þér spenntuð 2sg þú spenntir 2pl þér spenntið
3sg hon spennti 3pl þau spenntu 3sg hon spennti 3pl þau spennti
preterite infinitive spenntu
past participle f. spennt m. spenntr n. spennt
imperative 2sg spenn 1pl spennum 2pl spennið
middle voice: spennask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek spennumk 1pl vér spennumk 1sg ek spennumk 1pl vér spennimk
2sg þú spennisk 2pl þér spennizk 2sg þú spennisk 2pl þér spennizk
3sg hon spennisk 3pl þau spennask 3sg hon spennisk 3pl þau spennisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek spenntumk 1pl vér spenntumk 1sg ek spenntumk 1pl vér spenntimk
2sg þú spenntisk 2pl þér spenntuzk 2sg þú spenntisk 2pl þér spenntizk
3sg hon spenntisk 3pl þau spenntusk 3sg hon spenntisk 3pl þau spenntisk
past participle n. spennzk
imperative 2sg spennsk 1pl spennumk 2pl spennizk

Sense “clasp”: causative of a lost verb *spanna VII (PG *spannaną), OE spannan VII, ME spannen, Dutch, German spannen. Sense “spend”: derives from Latin expendere, from which also ME spenden, MnE spend. Dominant preterite in the MSS spenti. The present subjunctive, plural indicative, and imperative systems coincide with those of a lexical variant of sperna III “kick.”

fortition

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2019