girna 1 (long stem) “desire”

impersonal transitive (acc of agent, gen/acc of object)/reflexive transitive (gen/acc)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek girni 1pl vér girnum 1sg ek girna 1pl vér girnim
2sg þú girnir 2pl þér girnið 2sg þú girnir 2pl þér girnið
3sg hon girnir 3pl þau girna 3sg hon girni 3pl þau girni
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek girnda 1pl vér girndum 1sg ek girnda 1pl vér girndim
2sg þú girndir 2pl þér girnduð 2sg þú girndir 2pl þér girndið
3sg hon girndi 3pl þau girndu 3sg hon girndi 3pl þau girndi
preterite infinitive girndu
past participle f. girnd m. girndr n. girnd
imperative 2sg girn 1pl girnum 2pl girnið
middle voice: girnask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek girnumk 1pl vér girnumk 1sg ek girnumk 1pl vér girnimk
2sg þú girnisk 2pl þér girnizk 2sg þú girnisk 2pl þér girnizk
3sg hon girnisk 3pl þau girnask 3sg hon girnisk 3pl þau girnisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek girndumk 1pl vér girndumk 1sg ek girndumk 1pl vér girndimk
2sg þú girndisk 2pl þér girnduzk 2sg þú girndisk 2pl þér girndizk
3sg hon girndisk 3pl þau girndusk 3sg hon girndisk 3pl þau girndisk
past participle n. girnzk
imperative 2sg girnsk 1pl girnumk 2pl girnizk

PG *girnijaną, OE gyrnan 1, ME yernen, MnE yearn. Related to the adjective ON gjarn, OE georn “eager” and the adverb ON gjarna, Dutch gaarne, German gern “gladly”; further Dutch begeren, German begehren, gieren “desire,” Latin horiārī, hortārī “encourage,” and the noun Dutch hebgier, German (Hab)Gier “greed,” the Dutch and German adjective/adverb gierig “greedy, greedily.” The quality of the dental suffix varies a great deal, inflected variants including girnti, girnði.

fortition

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2019