duga 3 “avail”

“help; suffice, endure; do, be acceptable; succeed, go well/badly; try one’s best”

impersonal transitive (dat)/intransitive/transitive (dat)

active voice
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek dugi 1pl vér dugum 1sg ek duga 1pl vér dugim
2sg þú dugir 2pl þér dugið 2sg þú dugir 2pl þér dugið
3sg hon dugir 3pl þau duga 3sg hon dugi 3pl þau dugi
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek dugða 1pl vér dugðum 1sg ek dygða 1pl vér dygðim
2sg þú dugðir 2pl þér dugðuð 2sg þú dygðir 2pl þér dygðið
3sg hon dugði 3pl þau dugðu 3sg hon dygði 3pl þau dygði
preterite infinitive dugðu
past participle f. duguð m. dugaðr n. dugat
imperative 2sg dugi 1pl dugum 2pl dugið
middle voice: dugask
present indicative present subjunctive
1sg ek dugumk 1pl vér dugumk 1sg ek dugumk 1pl vér dugimk
2sg þú dugisk 2pl þér dugizk 2sg þú dugisk 2pl þér dugizk
3sg hon dugisk 3pl þau dugask 3sg hon dugisk 3pl þau dugisk
preterite indicative preterite subjunctive
1sg ek dugðumk 1pl vér dugðumk 1sg ek dygðumk 1pl vér dygðimk
2sg þú dugðisk 2pl þér dugðuzk 2sg þú dygðisk 2pl þér dygðizk
3sg hon dugðisk 3pl þau dugðusk 3sg hon dygðisk 3pl þau dygðisk
past participle n. dugazk
imperative 2sg dugisk 1pl dugumk 2pl dugizk

PG *duganą, OE *dugan pret-pres (II), ME dǒuen, Dutch duigen, German taugen “be any good.”

Corpus search: present active / preterite active / present reflexive / preterite reflexive

© Paul Langeslag 2011, 2017